Nuclear Reactors In Germany

Germany has 14 operating Pressurized Water Reactor (Druckwasserreaktor) and 6 operating Boiling Water Reactor (Siedewasserreaktor) Nuclear Power Plants (Kernkraftwerke) with a net capacity of 22237 MWe. Nuclear generated electricity is about 30% of the total. In 1997, Grohnde produced 12.53 TWh, a record for a single unit. In 1985, Grohnde produced 11.48 TWh, the former record..1 The map below shows the locations of the plants.

Courtesy INSC-ANL

Manufacturers are Kraftwerke Union (KWU) and Siemens. Obrigheim and Stade were supplied by Siemens; the remainder were provided by KWU. The following is a list of the German plants. The table identifies plants, capacity, reactor type, start date, and location. Links in the Utility column go to German sites that provide information about the specific plant. Several of the links in the Plant-Unit column go to virtual tours provided by Informationskreis Kernergie and EVO. Addresses of German utilties and reactor suppliers are provided by Informationskreis Kernergie. EVS provides some excellent graphics showing how the various types of reactors work during normal and accident conditions. Siemens has provided photos, summary data, and annual availability graphs for many of the plants that they have designed and provide services for.

Utility Plant-Unit Max Output (MWe) Type1 Commercial Date1 Location (City-State)1
KWO Obrigheim 357 PWR 1969 Obrigheim, Baden-Württemberg
KKS Stade 672 PWR 1972 Stade, Niedersachsen
GKN-I Neckar 840 PWR 1976 Neckarwestheim, Baden-Württemberg
GKN-II Neckar 1365 PWR 1989 Neckarwestheim, Baden-Württemberg
KKB Brunsbüttel -2 806 BWR 1977 Brunsbüttel, Schleswig-Holstein
KKI-1 Isar -1 907 BWR 1979 Essenbach, Bavaria
KKI-2 Isar -2 1410 PWR 1988 Essenbach, Bavaria
KKU Unterweser 1320 PWR 1979 Rodenkirchen, Niedersachsen
KKP-1 Philippsburg -1 912 BWR 1980 Philippsburg, Baden-Württemberg
KKP-2 Philippsburg -2 1402 PWR 1985 Philippsburg, Baden-Württemberg
KKG Grafenrheinfeld 1345 PWR 1982 Grafenrheinfeld, Bavaria
KKK Krümmel -2 1316 BWR 1984 Geesthacht, Schleswig-Holstein
KRB-B Grundremmingen 1344 BWR 1984 Grundremmingen, Bavaria
KRB-C Grundremmingen 1308 BWR 1985 Grundremmingen, Bavaria
KWG Grohnde 1394 PWR 1985 Emmerthal, Niedersachsen
KBR Brokdorf 1395 PWR 1986 Brokdorf, Schleswig-Holstein
KKE (VEW) Emsland 1363 PWR 1988 Lingen, Niedersachsen
RWE Biblis A 1204 PWR 1975 Biblis, Hessen
RWE Biblis B 1300 PWR 1977 Bilblis, Hessen
RWE Mühlheim-Kärlich 3 1246 PWR 1983 Mühlheim-Kärlich, Rheinland-Pfalz

The Federal Environment Ministry is charged with regulating traditional environmental areas and safety of nuclear installations, radiation protection, and disposal of nuclear waste .

Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH (GNS) provide radioactive waste management services. Their site (in German) can be translated using the AltaVista service.

Sources for the table include ATW 03/1998 P. 2001, ANS' Nuclear News, ANL's International Nuclear Safety Center Database, and German sites.

Copyright © 1996-2004.  Joseph Gonyeau. All rights reserved. Revised: April 23, 2004.