Nuclear Reactors In Germany
Germany has 14 operating Pressurized Water Reactor (Druckwasserreaktor) and 6 operating Boiling Water Reactor (Siedewasserreaktor) Nuclear Power Plants (Kernkraftwerke) with a net capacity of 22237 MWe. Nuclear generated electricity is about 30% of the total.
The International Nuclear Safety Center map below shows the location of operating and shutdown plants.
The Kernenergie.de map below is similar, but does not show plants shutdown prior to Obrigheim.
Manufacturers are Kraftwerke Union (KWU) and Siemens. Obrigheim and Stade (indicated in RED), currently shutdown for decommissioning were supplied by Siemens; the remainder were provided by KWU. The following is a list of the German plants. The table identifies plants, capacity, reactor type, start date, and location. Links in the Utility column go to German sites that provide information about the specific plant. The Informationskreis Kernergie site provides extensive information about nuclear power and the German plants. Included in the knowledge section are topics as - History, The Nuclear Power Plant (including as virtual tour of Isar-2), Radiation Exposure, The Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Waste Management, Dismantling:
Downloads as annual reports and simulation software programs are also available.
|Utility||Plant-Unit||Max Output (MWe)||Type1||Commercial Date1||Location (City-State)1|
|KKB||Brunsbüttel -2||806||BWR||1977||Brunsbüttel, Schleswig-Holstein|
|KKI-1||Isar -1||907||BWR||1979||Essenbach, Bavaria|
|KKI-2||Isar -2||1410||PWR||1988||Essenbach, Bavaria|
|KKP-1||Philippsburg -1||926||BWR||1980||Philippsburg, Baden-Württemberg|
|KKP-2||Philippsburg -2||1458||PWR||1985||Philippsburg, Baden-Württemberg|
|KKK||Krümmel -2||1260||BWR||1983||Geesthacht, Schleswig-Holstein|
|KKE (VEW)||Emsland||1363||PWR||1988||Lingen, Niedersachsen|
|RWE||Biblis A||1225||PWR||1975||Biblis, Hessen|
|RWE||Biblis B||1300||PWR||1977||Bilblis, Hessen|
|RWE||Mühlheim-Kärlich 3||1246||PWR||1983||Mühlheim-Kärlich, Rheinland-Pfalz|
In June 2000, the German government and the country's four largest electricity producers announced a compromise agreement on the eventual closing of the 19 nuclear power plants currently operating in Germany. Obrigheim was the second to shutdown on May 11, 2005. Biblis A is next, scheduled for February 2007. Global warming agreements (Kyoto) and the recent Russian-Ukrainian dispute over natural gas supplies have called into question whether plants should continue to be shutdown (Die Welt)
The Federal Environment Ministry is charged with regulating traditional environmental areas and safety of nuclear installations, radiation protection, and disposal of nuclear waste .
Gesellschaft für Nuklear-Service mbH (GNS) provide radioactive waste management services. Their site (in German) can be translated using the AltaVista service.
Sources for the table include ATW 03/1998 P. 2001, ANS' Nuclear News, ANL's International Nuclear Safety Center Database, and German sites.
Thomas Dashuber site (good pictures)
Austrian government Radiation Protection information (in German)
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